Red River Archaeology Ltd was commissioned to undertake a programme of archaeological work in St Edeyrns. This housing development project to the north-east of Cardiff involved the construction of 1020 new homes along with associated retail centre, two primary schools and community amenities; to be delivered in four phases.
Two important archaeological sites were recorded, the first was a late Iron Age – early Roman enclosure. This produced evidence for multiple phases of occupation and industrial use that lasted until the 2nd century. Industrial residues indicated the site had been a centre of iron smelting and smithing activity. The range of pottery recovered also provided evidence for a rural low status settlement, however the concentrated finds of near intact Iron Age pottery vessels suggested the site may originally have had a more important character.
The second of the sites excavated was a 2nd to 3rd century potential Roman shrine. This consisted of an enclosure ditch with internal bank, with the internal dimensions being suggestive that this structure could represent a temple or shrine site, with the ditches forming the temenos or sacred enclosure. The dimensions of the St. Edeyrn’s enclosure are consistent with known examples in the Roman Empire, and seem too small for domestic use. There was little evidence for an internal structure as the area had been heavily truncated by modern ploughing as evidenced by the missing south-eastern side of the enclosure, however the location of significant amounts of pottery at one side of the enclosure would indicate a concentration of activity in the southwest side. The earliest material on the site would suggest activity from the 2nd century, but more likely focused on the 3rd century. The enclosure overlooks the Rhymney River valley and would have been visible on the forward slope of the hill from the Roman Road from Caerleon to Cardiff (RR60b) on the high ground to the south, with the putative entrance easily viewed by any road users.
We are proud to be part of the Living Wage movement as an accredited Living Wage Employer. This means that every member of staff in our organisation earns not just the minimum wage but the real Living Wage. The Living Wage is an hourly rate set independently and updated annually, based on the cost of living in the UK. We believe that every member of staff deserves a Living Wage, because a hard day’s work deserves a fair day’s pay. You can find out more about the Living Wage by visiting www.livingwage.org.uk
By Mark Collard
The village of Bourton-on-the-Water in the Cotswolds is well-known as a picturesque tourist destination. Less well-known are the extensive buried archaeological remains across several square miles of the landscape surrounding the village. These include the large Neolithic causewayed enclosure and later Iron Age hillfort of Salmonsbury Camp, the Roman road of the Fosse Way and the small Roman town along its route, and large areas of prehistoric, Roman and Anglo-Saxon farms and fields.
This statement has been prepared in response to the global pandemic of Novel Coronavirus (Covid-19) and its growing presence within the United Kingdom. We are committed to complying with Government and Official Medical Guidance and assisting in the control of COVID-19 in our employees and all others affected by our works.
We have implemented a detailed companywide action plan in order to facilitate this. We support and fully observe the measures identified in the Construction Sector – Site Operating Procedures Protecting Your Workforce During Coronavirus (Covid-19) issued by the Construction Leadership Council. We have created specific procedures and policies to deal with Covid-19.
Red River Archaeology (RRA) remains open for business and our team can be contacted via email or phone as usual. Through detailed assessment, planning and mitigation measures, we have continued to maintain operations on two major infrastructure sites and are able to continue to deliver fieldwork services for the construction sector, where we can assure safe working environments. Do get in touch if we can assist you.
Yesterday was International Women’s Day and we posted on social media our thanks to all the ladies that work at Red River Archaeology and help make the company the a success. While the day highlights these social concerns they should not be forgotten about for the rest of the year, and we believe people should expect an equal opportunity to shine.
Wishing well or lucky find!
Recent excavations by Red River Archaeology in the environs of a Roman villa in Wiltshire, England discovered an amazing Roman well which contained a wonderful collection of artefacts and ecofacts. Amongst this assemblage was a well preserved Roman coin dating from the early 4th century. This was identified as a nummus of Crispus Caesar (Flavius Julius Crispus). Coins turn up from a huge variety of contexts on archaeological sites. The majority are lost in antiquity and a lucky archaeological outcome of a past misfortune! As archaeologists, however, we always look hard at the evidence and see if it is possible to understand past intentions through the material remains left in the ground.
Red River Archaeology Group has an ongoing commitment to tailored staff development and continuing career support. The company values the benefits that motivated, well trained staff bring to both our operations and our clients. We currently have several sponsored training programmes, two of which have recently come to fruition.
Red River Archaeology are proud to sponsor the 22nd annual Iron Age Research Student Symposium hosted at Cardiff University. The Iron Age Research Student Symposium (IARSS) is an annual event for researchers studying the Iron Age. This year’s event is organised and hosted by postgraduate students from Cardiff University’s Archaeology department from the 29th of May to the 1st of June.
As with the majority of pro-active businesses operating in the shared market of Britain and Ireland, Rubicon Heritage Services Ltd has been monitoring the on-going Brexit negotiations and has determined that significant changes are required in order to de-risk the sustained development and growth of the company within the new emerging economic environment.